Adobe Photoshop 5.0/5.5
Project 3 Homework over the vacation period

  1. Download or copy the coyote picture start04.psd from or your cd-rom Adobe Student Copy under Adobe 5.5 Lesson 4.
  2. Download or copy the 04End.psd to see the final product. When you finish viewing the finished coyote minimize it to the desktop.
  3. Tools to be included in this project, brushes, rubber stamp tool, the smudge tool, the blur and sharpen tools, the dodge, burn and sponge tools The history brush and the art history brush let you paint data from the History palette.
  4. The foreground color is used to paint (see the two boxes foreground and background at the bottom of the tool bar. Also the foreground color is used to fill selections and as a beginning color for gradient fills.
  5. The background color (white by default) appears when you delete pixels in a transparent area of color as the canvas behind a painting.
  6. Put the pointer over the color ramp in the color palette, the eyedropper tool becomes the pointer and click the ramp
  7. Double click the paintbrush and the brushes palette will appear.
  8. You will use the History pallet to remove paint you applied so that you can restore an image to how it looked.
  9. Click the History tab in the History/Actions palette to display the history palette.

Paintbrush tool Creates soft strokes of color
Airbrush tool Applies gradual tones to an image, diffused
Pencil Tool Creates hard edge freehand lines
The History brush Paints with the selection or snapshop
Art History Brush Paints stylized strokes, simulates texture

Setting up the foreground and background Colors

  1. Click the swatches palette tab to bring the palette to the front of its group.
  2. Select a desired foreground color
  3. For Brushes choose a medium sized brush for painting..
  4. To display brushes palette, click Windows, Show Brushes.

Using the Options palette

  1. Double click the paintbrush tool to display the Optionas palette. The default opacity setting in Paintbrush Options palette is 10%
  2. Experiment with the different levels of opacity with the opacity slider in the options palette.

Painting within a selection

  1. You can paint anywhere in a an image simply by not making a selection . Now you can combine
  2. In the toolbox click the Magic Wand tool.
  3. Click within the coyotes body and then hold down shift key to the wand selects
  4. Before you start painting you will need to create a new layer on which to draw.
  5. to open the Layers Palette, choose Window-show layers, click the new layer button at the bottom of the layers palette. To rename the layer, double-click the layer and name it Painting and then click OK.
  6. In the toolbox double click the paintbrush tool to select its Options palette. Click to make sure the opacity setting is 100%.
  7. Use brown paint a few areas within the coyote, but don’t fill in the entire area.
  8. Drag the Opacity slider to about 60%
  9. Select another shade of brown and paint the entire coyote
  10. You can customize the shape and size of the paint brush hotspot in Display and cursors preferences.
  11. CAP LOCK will set a precise cursor and overrides the default brush size option.
  12. Choose VIEW>Hide Edges to hide the selection border.
  15. Make sure the Preview option is turned on.
  16. Drag the Radius slider to the right. The higher the value the more blurred the colors. Click OK to apply the blur.
  18. In the Layers palette, drag the Painting layer down to position it below the drawing layer.
  19. Now you can turn off the transparency Checkerboard so you can see the changes made.
  20. Choose File>Preferences>Transparency&Gamut For Grid size chose NONE.
  21. Then click OK.

USING the Pencil TOOL ..hard edged lines

  1. In the toolbox click the Default Colors icon to return to foreground and background colors black and white respectively.
  2. Click the pencil tool in the toolbox to select it.
  3. In the brushes palette, select a small brush from the top row.
  4. Remember Pencils draw only with hard edges.
  5. Drag with the PENCIL tool to close the bottom of the cactus.
  6. Draw another line for the horizon behind the cactus.

Painting with a Watercolor Effect

  1. Next is painting the mountain using the wet edges option of the paintbrush tool.
  2. This option creates a water color effect by building up (darkening) the edges of the brush
  3. Open the dolor picker click the foreground box in the toolbox.
  4. Drag the selection triangle along the color bar to find a color range that appeals to you for painting the mountains. Hint…blue??
  5. The foreground color box shows the color.
  6. Double click the paintbrush tool to display the OPTIONS palette. Turn on the Wet edges option. Set Opacity to 100%.
  7. Click the Brushes palette tab. Select a medium size, soft-edge brush from the middle row.
  8. Paint the mountains.
  9. Feel free to change the colors for the mountains as you paint. You are not limited to one color only.
  10. UNDO the Paintbrush Options palette when you are done and turn off the Wet edges option.
  11. FILE>SAVE to your floppy disk.


  1. Click the eraser tool and move the pointer into the image area
  2. In the brushes palette select a small, hard-edged brush from the top row
  3. Drag the eraser tool over any mistakes you made with the painting of the mountains.

The Paint Bucket Tool

  1. Make sure the cactus is a closed figure and use the paint bucket and fill it with color. Hint green. See below:
  2. In the layers palette, make sure that the painting layer is the active layer.
  3. Double-click the Lasso tool to display the Options palette.
  4. Enter a value of 3 in the FEATHER text box.
  5. Draw a rough selection around the Cactus.
  6. Close the line with the starting line (closed figure)
  7. Click the paint bucket.
  8. In the swatches palette, select a light green color
  9. Click inside the Cactus by clicking the paint bucket.
  10. Chose SELECT>DESELECT to undo the paint bucket.

Custom Brushes

  1. Select paintbrush tool.
  2. Choose load brushes from brushes palette menu.
  3. Now get the Assorted.abr file which comes with the project
  4. Click Open for the file and add the custom Brushes Palette.
  5. For reference these assorted brushes are located in Photoshop subdirectory under Goodies/brushes.
  6. In the eighth row of the Brushes palette, click the far right brush to select the texture brush
  7. In the Swatches palette. Select a light green or yellow color to add texture.
  8. Use the brush tool, click inside the cactus to add texture.
  9. To complete the cactus you will now add spines.
  10. In the toolbox, click the default colors icon and return to the foreground color default black.
  11. In the brushes palette, click to select the 4th brush in the 9th row, a spiny shaped brush.
  12. Click at the edges of the cactus to add prickles
  13. Choose Select>Deselect…don’t forget to undo the tool

Airbrushing and Smudging

  1. Painting the clouds using the airbrush tool.
  2. Be careful, the slower you drag the brush the darker it becomes.
  3. The default pressure is 50%
  4. You can choose a color by sampling or by choice.
  5. Make sure the Painting Layer is the active layer so you can paint without affecting the drawing.
  6. In the brushes palette select a small soft-edged brush from the 2nd row.
  7. Double-click the AirBrush tool to bring up the Options palette and check to see the default pressure is set for 50%.
  8. In the swatches palette, click a gray swatch and paint a portion of the clouds using the airbrush. No problem if you go outside the outlines. You can correct it later.
  9. Sample color from the border of the image to add color for the clouds.
  10. With the airbrush tool still selected Hold down the Alternate Key and the pointer becomes an eyedropper.
  11. Click the eyedropper in the green border to sample the green color and make it a new foreground color.
  12. Release Alternate/Option this returns you to the airbrush again. Continue painting.
  13. Before you select another color, save the green color in the Swatches palette.
  14. Click the Swatches palette tab. Position the pointer in the blank area at the bottom of the swatches palette. The pointer becomes a paint bucket.
  15. Click the paint bucket in the blank area and the green color is added to the swatches palette.
  16. Use the Smudge tool- located under the blur tool .
  17. In the brushes palette. Select a smaller soft brush from the 2nd row.
  18. Drag the tool in the clouds to create swirls.
  19. The Smudge tool uses a default Opacity of 50%. You can increase the opacity to make the effect more pronounced.
  20. Yes, don’t forget FILE>SAVE.

Creating Gradients

Explanation of Gradients…The gradient tools let you apply a gradual transition between multiple colors. The gradient pull-out menu in the toolbox includes five different tools. You sue the radial gradient to apply a gradient to the sun that shades concentrically from starting point to ending point.

  1. Double check…are you in the Painting Layer in the Layers Palette? If not make sure you are.
  2. Use the Zoom tool drag over the sun to zoom in.
  3. Select Ellipse marquee tool and double click to display the Options palette.
  4. To fill only part of the image you must select the desires area first, otherwise the gradient fill will be applied to the entire active layer. OOOps.
  5. In the Marquee options palette, enter a value of 2 in the Feather text box. Feathering will blur the edges of a selection.
  6. Hold down the Alternate key and drag from the center point of the sun to the outside edge to create a circular selection.
  7. Select the Radial Gradient Options palette, Select Orange,Yellow, Orange from the gradient Pop-up Menu. Set Opacity to 50% or 60%.
  8. In the image, drag from the center of the Sun to the outside edge to appy the gradient.
  9. Remember Select >Deselect. Double click the zoom tool to zoom out of the image.
  10. File, Save

Painting with Gradients and Modes

  1. Make sure the Painting layer is active. Also make sure the Preserve Transparency option is off.
  2. Select the rectangular marquee tool from the horizontal line to the top of the image.
  3. Now you can apply a gradient to the sky.
  4. In the toolbox position the pointer on the radial gradient tool and drag to the right to select the LINEAR gradient tool. This tool blends from the starting to the ending point in a straight line.
  5. In the Gradient Tool Options palette for Gradient …Select Foreground to Background.
  6. At the bottom of the Gradient palette is sample. You can change the opacity to 80% or 90%.
  7. Select Violet, Green, Orange from the Gradient pop-up menu. Make sure that Transparency, Dither, and Reverse are deselected.
  8. Using the gradient tool, drag downward from the top of the image to the horizontal line to apply the linear gradient.
  9. The gradient will be applied on top of the cactus and mountains saturating them with color.
  10. You can UNDO the gradient so you can see what happens when you reverse the order of colors.
  11. Choose Edit>Undo UNDO to undo the gradient
  12. In the Gradient options palette select an opacity of 60% and select the Reverse Option to reverse the order in which the colors are applied from orange to green, and then to violet.
  13. Choose Edit>Undo
  14. In the linear Gradient Options Palette, choose Behind from the mode menu. In the Behind mode, paint is applied only to the transparent part of a layer to give the appearance of painting behind existing objects. The MODE works only in layers with the Preserve Transparency off.
  15. Using the gradient tool, drag from the top of the image downward to the horizontal line. Now the gradient appears behind the mountains and cactus for a more realistic sky.

Painting with Texture

This is the last thing to do and that is paint the desert floor behind the existing fill and gradients.

  1. Make sure the painting layer is still active
  2. Use the rectangular marquee and drag it to cover the desert floor.
  3. In the swatches palette, select a light brown or tan color for the desert sand.
  4. In the Paintbrush Options Palette, choose BEHIND from the palette’s mode menu.
  5. Select the Paintbrush tool in the toolbox, in the brushes palette select a large brush from the second row.
  6. Drag to paint in the desert floor
  7. Choose Select>Deselect
  8. File>Save

Leave a Reply