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The 23rd Psalm

by Dr Pelham Mead.

Published by Xlibris publishers, 2012.

Here is the exact copy of chapter One

Chapter One- ”The Lord is my Shepherd, I shall not want.”

It was in the year 3550 that the Earth was laid waste to after a comet collided with Earth causing the Earth to move out of it’s normal orbit around the sun to several million miles closer to the sun. The explosion was so great when the comet hit the southern part of the Pacific Ocean off of South America that the south polar cap melted down immediately.  The ocean surge covered South America completely leaving only the Andes Mountains showing as islands above the waters. In a week Europe, and North America were under water and the north polar cap began to melt. The Asian continents suffered the same fate, except the Tibetan mountain range stuck out as islands in a vast new ocean. Any mountain range around the world became islands jutting out the ocean that rose above 7,000 feet survived the initial flooding. The highest mountains in the Sierras, Appalachian mountain chain, and Mount Reiner in Washington State, all became islands above the 7,000 feet above sea level point. All of the plants and native animals around the world drown under leagues of seawater. The only surviving animals are those that lived at high elevations to begin with such as mountain goats, Yaks, deer, some varieties of birds. The fish in freshwater all died when the salt-water filled all the lakes and rivers around the world. The sea marine live did survive however despite the temperature rise. The entire populations of penguins eventually were washed away toward the mountains of the Andes thousands of miles away. Few penguins survived.

As for the human race, those that survived were those that ran to the high ground or happened to be living on high ground to begin with. The floods came so quick that all of California, and the west coast were covered in salt-water in less than a week. The same fate became the East coast of the North American continent and it flooded across all the states until it reached the high peaks of the Adirondacks Mountains. 

The only humans known to survive were a group of Old World Christians on a religious retreat at Lake Tahoe in the Sierra Mountains, and a group of Old World Jewish Community Members who were vacationing in the Sierras with RVs. Neither community knew that the other had survived until months after the disaster.  In the year 5660 religions had changed to a new order of spiritual life. The World Corporate Order discouraged religions to be practiced. The emphasis was on giving everything to the controlling Corporations of the World and religions got in the way.  Many religions centuries old had begun to die out from the persecution, and threat of arrest by the World Corporate Order.  The original Christian movement that survived 56 thousand years was now called the Old World Christian movement. Likewise, the various Jewish sects were called the Old World Jewish religion. In many ways religion had been replaced by the corporate order, and Nationalism within new corporate boundaries that had formed over the past few centuries (30th century to 50th century AD). Buddhism, Muslims, Hindu, and many other religions suffered the same fate as the Old World Christians and the Old World Jewish sects and were reduced in size 

and popularity and were considered illegal to practice.  They had all become secret religions that were not approved by the Corporate Order of the 57the Century.  The Corporate Order frowned on the free worship of any religion in the year 5660. The old world religions met in secret and kept their membership closed, and in secret for fear of Corporate punishment by the Corporate Order of Earth, which controlled all of the countries of the world.

The date was September 4, 3550AD.  It was in the middle of the day that the first emergency broadcast was sent out by virtual beam, old-fashioned radio waves, short wave radio and virtual television. EMERGENCY, this is not a drill, REPEAT EMERGENCY…attention all citizens of the Corporate World Order. This is an EMERGENCY. Our scientists have determined that a comet is about to collide with Earth in about 48 hours. DO NOT PANIC. Try if possible to head to high ground above 5 or 6,000 feet above sea level.  Go to the mountains in you region if possible. Leave now and do not delay. “ End of Broadcast.

For the 48 hours every anti-gravity vehicle (AGV) or transportation device were headed toward the closest mountains in every country and corporate domain in the world. Venues were blocked for hundreds of miles as millions upon millions of people of the Earth fled to high ground to avoid the impact of severe flooding.

In the quiet Sierra Mountains in northern California near Lake Tahoe there was a group of forty or so, “Old World Christians,” on a religious retreat. Pastor Swift a short chubby man with a balding crown was just finishing a lesson on the 23rd Psalm about “how the Lord is my Shepherd, I shall not want…” As the small group walked toward their cabins one of the young boys named Cecil came running toward Pastor Swift. “Pastor Swift, Pastor Swift, there is an emergency warning being transmitted. You need to come quick, the young boy exclaimed. “Alright, alright everything is fine. It is probably a fire emergency being broadcast. I will be right there,” said Pastor Swift. As he approached his cabin there were several people standing outside with long looks on their faces. Something big was up, and Pastor Swift could not tell what the emergency was going to be. As he entered his cabin a virtual broadcast was loud and clear…a Comet was going to hit the Earth in less than 48 hours.” Oh My God,” Pastor Swift exclaimed. “Johnny run and get Colonel Jim Shepherd and have him meet me here as soon as possible,” Pastor Swift shouted.  A few minutes later, retired Colonel James Shepherd a tall man with a military style crew cut and a long grey mustache appeared at Pastor Swift’s cabin. “Jim, as you may have heard but we have a major emergency on our hands. I have just been informed that a comet is about to collide with the Earth in less than 48 hours. There is a strong possibility of flooding especially if it lands in one of the oceans or the north or South Pole. We need to get to high ground fast before others do, and stake out or claim to land higher than 7,000 feet above sea level. We know Donner’s Pass is 8,700 feet above sea level, and that is just down the road from here.  I suggest we head for North Star Mountain which is just above Donner’s Pass and close enough to get there quickly,” said Pastor Swift. “I am not a military man , nor do I pretend to know how to handle this emergency, so I am putting you in charge of our group and it’s survival,” Pastor Swift exclaimed. “I will ring the emergency bell and have everyone assemble immediately,” said Pastor Swift. “OK Jim, I will take charge and get us safely to 

high ground by the end of this day, said Colonel Shepherd. A million questions when though Colonel Shepherd’s mind at the moment but he suppressed these 

The bell rang loudly again and again and everyone knowing it must be some sort of emergency assembled quickly in front of Pastor Swift’s cabin. “Brothers and Sisters, we have limited time and a major life threatening emergency has developed both here and world-wide. A comet is about to collide with the Earth in 48 hours. There was a hushed silence for almost a minute and then women began to cry and men were cursing under their breath. “Retired Colonel Jim Shepherd is going to organize our evacuation to higher ground immediately. I want you to listen to him carefully; he will be in charge of everything. Remember what I said in the bible study group, “The Lord is our Shepherd, and we shall not want,” paraphrased Pastor Swift. “Alright everyone keep calm. This is what I want you to do. Return to your cabins, and stock up your AGVs with all the food you have. Remember to pack blankets, and any survival equipment like light sources, batteries, solar energy collectors, water, medicine, axes, old weapons, knives, and any ham radios, or battery or sun operated radios,” shouted the Colonel to the group. “Are there any questions? “ he asked. No one asked any questions.  There were some women crying softly from fear in the crowd but no one spoke out loud.  They all walked away rapidly to their cabins, and began to gather all they could pack their AGVs with and still be able to have the vehicle move along the ground. “Come back here with your AGV’s loaded within two hours and we will assemble in front of the mess hall, “ shouted the Colonel to the group as they departed.

Two hours later all of the Old World Christians had assembled with their AGVs fully loaded down with everything they could take. Colonel Shepherd addressed the group again. “Brothers and Sisters, Pastor Swift will lead us in prayer, but first I want to tell you where we are going. We are headed to North Star Mountain, above Donner’s pass, down the road from here. I will personally lead the group in my AGV, and everyone will follow in a single line. When we get to the site we will begin to organize an encampment to survive the comet collision with the Earth.” “Pastor Swift if you will,” the Colonel said. “Let us pray. Dear Lord guide over and protect us and all the humans and animals of the world during this apocalypse with a comet. Guide us on our way to North Star Mountain and keep us safe and secure from the possible flooding. We ask this all in Jesus’ name. Amen.” “Amen,” the group responded.

All the AGVs were started up and the trek to North Star Mountain began in a long single line of about 40 vehicles. An hour later they had arrived at the base of North Star Mountain and began to climb the open trails up the mountain. Anti gravity vehicles were made to follow a magnetic line embedded in the road and usually ran on solar power or an electric grid. Once the vehicles went off the road they were useless. They could not travel over the ground or rocks and leaves. Everyone had to put their supplies on their back or pull them on makeshift drags.

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Adobe Photoshop for Beginners

Here are the course projects and contents.

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Making Social distancing work in 2020.

By Dr. Pelham Mead

Here are the numbers concerning elementary and secondary school classrooms. Normally on the secondary level 32 students in a class is the norm. This number is also part of the Teacher’s Union contract. The classrooms are built to hand no more than 32-35 desks and chairs. One solution to the Corona virus pandemic for schools is to cut the class size in half to 16 and shorten the class times to 20 minutes. The eight classes a day would be doubled to equal 16 shortened periods. In a day only five classes are academic courses. The lunch period takes up one period and the remaining two classes are often Study Halls, School service, and elective courses. What makes a change in the class times is negotiations with the Teacher Union to change an ages old eight period day to sixteen short Periods. If School districts could get over this obstacle, then Education can finally change it’s age old format.

I don’t believe two days of face to fact contact and three days of online courses is a wise approach. It does not provide for reduced class sizes with 32 students packed into the same small classrooms. This approach invites spreading of the virus by just one or two students.

School districts have historically never been able to make long term future changes in education easily. Politics get in the way and political interests over-ride the real needs of the students.

It is time to make some drastic school day changes.

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Educational Articles Fiction historical fiction science fiction

The White Eyes and the Native Americans

By Dr. Pelham Mead

If you country was invaded by a foreigner what would you do? Fight back of course. Supposing the invader had superior weapons and you had only bows and arrows? Such was the plight of the American Native Indians. Who were the good guys and the bad guys? That depends on who you think had the right to wipe out entire nations of American Natives. The white eyes lied to the American Indians time after time. No wonder there was no trust.

Was the Native American Indian worse than the white eyes. Taking scalps was a tradition for Native Americans, but what about hanging a person from a rope in public until their neck broke or they choked to death.

Who killed hundreds of thousands of Buffalo? Not the Native American Indians, it was the white eyes with guns that could shoot rapidly. Buffalo skins had a great market value as well as horns.

Who held the white eyes accountable for their crimes against the Native American Nations? No one did. Killing Native American Indians was like a fox hunt where the fox had no chance in hell of surviving with hunting dogs chasing them down and men on horseback armed with rifles shooting at them.

So, a Few hundred years later the Native American Indian is treated as a minority with little or no rights. Look at Brazil how they do not let the Amazon Indians own land and have no more rights than a teenager.

When there is talk about reparations for the black slaves of America, think first about the white men who stole the land away from the Native Americans to begin with before the slaves were brought to America.

The Native American Nations had wonderful cultures and practices that are fading into the air over time. What can we do? Perhaps renew their status in the American culture and give them more support to get educated and become part of this great American society. Always remember the place in History the Great Chiefs and their Nations played in our history and the Wild West.

Why are there no national holidays that celebrate Native American Holidays?

Think about the Washington Redskins football team. Is Redskin really an insult?

Do we have any teams called the white eyes or the yellow skins? Think about it.

Are there any Polish poppers, or Irish hacks, or British cavaliers, or French Frogs?

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The Nine Wives of Geronimo, Chief of the Chiricahua Apaches.

Geronimo, The Last Free Apache - Old Pictures

1840- First wife, she had two children. Slain in a massacre in 1851 by Mexicans. She was his first true love.

1852- Second wife- Chee-hash-kish. Married for 30 years until capture by Mexicans in 1882.

1852= Married  third wife, Nana-Tha-thtith, She and her child killed by Mexicans in 1855.

1860’s-1870-  married fourth wife- She-Gha, a relative of Cochise.

1860-1970- Married Fifth wife Shtsha-she. She was with Geronimo until 1884. She was captured by whites and died in captivity.

1882- Marries sixth wife. Zi-yeh (a diminutive Nednal girl).

1885- Marries seventh wife. IH-tedda. A captured Mescalero Apache.

1905- Married eighth wife, Sousche, a 58 year old apache Widow with a grown son.

1907- Marries nineth wife. Azul also called Sunsetso. A Chiricahua woman.

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Teaching Senior Professors in 2020

By Dr. Pelham Mead III, Instructional Technologist

For twelve years I worked as an Instructional Technologist in several New York Universities and Colleges such as New York University 1998; The College of Mount Saint Vincent 2001-2005; St. John’s University 2006-2008 and the New York College of Osteopathic Medicine.  An Instructional Technologist is like a Staff Developer with advanced Software teaching skills, and in some cases IT skills also.

This is a collection of my experiences working with Senior age Faculty over age 65 at Universities and Colleges that had little or no knowledge of how to use a computer, let alone how to use MS Word or MS Powerpoint. Some Senior professors could turn a computer and send and receive e-mail and that was all. The reason for this gap in knowledge is that older professors have been passed by in terms of technology training. Colleges and Universities that I worked at would win Federal grants and then buy lots of computers and software and drop them in the professor’s laps with no training.

Computers to the younger generations is as natural as eating a peanut butter sandwich. For those in the baby boomer generation and age 65 plus computers are an unnecessary waste of time. College professors assume all college students are always playing games on their laptop computers and not doing anything educational. Likewise, from the student viewpoint, Professors that cannot use Powerpoint are dinosaurs in the world of technology.

When I began tutoring Professors on Federal Grants awarded to Colleges and Universities, I realized the FEAR was the major factor for preventing Older Professors from learning computers and understanding their teaching potential. My job was to build their confidence and work at their pace, not mine.

My first Senior Professor story is about a Professor who taught non-major Biology to Freshman at a Catholic University on Long Island. This professor was an adjunct professor that only taught part-time. He could speak five different languages and was highly respected in the University. The problem was he was 83 years old and completely unaware of computers or software. He taught 100 students in a large lecture hall with chalk on a blackboard. It was difficult to see his notes on the blackboard at the back of the class. He also spoke in a thick Eastern European accent. He was recommended to me for tutoring in how to use a laptop computer and Powerpoint by the Biology Department Chairperson. The senior professor had the highest failure rate of all the major and non-major mandatory Biology classes. The reason for the failures was a failure to communicate with the students on their level. Students of the 21st century were born into a visual world of stimulus. They play hand held electronic games from age one and are addicted to TV electronic games where the object is to shoot as many of the enemy as possible. Students are very familiar with the internet and searching for topics, but not as good with basic grammar and vocabulary because in their constant texting they have invented their own language with abbreviations for everything i.e. BFF best friend forever; Lol laughing out loud; word, word up and other bad English expressions.

Back to the 83-year-old professor of Biology. At his first class I had to show him how to open the lap top, plug it in, turn it on. That took 30 minutes instead of five minutes. He could not understand how this computer and showing visual Powerpoint slides shows could improve this teaching. I showed him several lecture samples I had using Powerpoint with everything including animation, sound clips, special effects and internet links. I spent two hours the first class with him instead of one to make sure he felt comfortable learning new material. I scheduled him for a tutoring session for the following week at the same time and gave him his brand-new IBM laptop.

The next week he was late, very late in fact. After 30 minutes I decided he wasn’t coming so I went to the men’s bathroom for a break. When I entered the bathroom by opening the door, there was the Senior Professor hiding behind the door. “Professor Smith what are you doing here in the bathroom?” I asked. Stuttering he answered “I am afraid to go to your office. Computers are too hard for an old man like me.” “Well if you are too old for computers the department chairman might decide you are too old to teach,” I replied.  “Don’t take away my teaching. It is all I live for. I love teaching but now the students are different than the old days,” he said. “Come let’s go to my office and let me help you modernize yourself and feel comfortable about computers and software,” I replied.

The following week the Senior Professor brought his wife who was 80 years of age and a retired RN at a local hospital. “Doctor Mead this is my wife Adelle and she is a retired RN and she has come along to help me through this lesson,” he said. “Nice to meet you Adelle,” I said. “Your husband is a well-respected Senior faculty member, but he is out of touch with the students and technology. All I want to do is to get him to learn how to create some Powerpoint slide shows for his lectures to become more informative to the students and increase their motivation to learn, rather than fail. “I understand,” Adelle replied.  I used computers for many years at the hospital where I worked. I tried to get Henry to learn how to use computers, but he always had an excuse.

Now in 2020 we are in the midst of a pandemic and the virus has caught private and public schools by surprise as well as Colleges and Universities. Teachers and Professors were caught unprepared to teach online which incorporates a whole different set of teaching tools. In fact, initially teachers will have to do more lesson preparation for teaching online than in person. The reason is the online environment is more controlled and restrictive. Zoom, facetime, canvas and blackboard are important visual tools to allow teachers to see their students. Secondly, teachers need to be more prepared to use instant quizzes or treasure hunts in research than normally. Online teachers need to get responses from everyone in the class and be positive about the responses. YouTube movies and other videos can be used or assigned to an online class.  Coming up with reward systems is a good motivator. Making the lesson personal and adapted to each student’s needs and learning curve is most important. The surprise element is always important in providing team projects and class discussion.

Reading from a book is not appropriate for online instruction. Powerpoint presentations can be useful if provided to the students afterward. Animation and sound effects can bring a Powerpoint presentation alive. Linking to the New York Times podcasts and other podcasts on a slide can make the presentation even more interesting. Testing, testing in different forms is important to make sure the students are all performing on task. Creating student pair teams adds a new dimension to learning. Students learn to cooperate and present their findings when they are done.

Placing emphasis on outlawing cut or copy and paste from the internet. Plagiarism should not be tolerated. Colleges have software programs that can detect plagiarism on student reports.

Original and creative work with good grammar should be encouraged.  Abbreviations and collegial expressions such as bff and other text short phrases should be discouraged. Teachers will find that when students think they are anonymous they can be impolite to the teacher. Stop this right from the start. Shut a student down who curses or uses inappropriate language. Be on the guard for the class clown who tried to be funny online.

Keep students informed of their average class grade at all times rather than making them have to ask how they are doing. Be open and transparent about grades. If a student is getting low grades, offer to help them and give additional assignments to bring up the average grade.

In a normal in person classroom a teacher learns student name by taking attendance every day. Online you need to make a special attempt to learn student’s first names. Read their student fil if one is available to find out what kind of student they are. Be aware of their life and career goals and try to tie in the assignments to that interest.

Teaching online requires more paperwork than normal teaching. After or during each online session make sure to mark down who is participating and who is not. Keep track of who is handing their assignments in on time and who is not. Do not let students fall behind in their assignments to the point you have to report them to their parents or your supervisor.

Prepare crossword puzzles, scrabble puzzles and other skill sheets to help student remember names and events or vocabulary . Most of all stay ahead of the students, especially the first time you teach the course online. The second years will be much easier with a whole semester to use from the previous year.

Finally, be cheerful, positive and most of all sup portative. Let students feel you are all on the same team.

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She Who Rode a Wolf

by Dr. Pelham Mead

Based on stories of the Pawnee and other Native American Indians.

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She Who Rode a Wolf

WOLF RIDER (OYADA-GE-A)

SHE WHO RODE A WOLF.

By Dr. Pelham Mead

ACT ONE- SHE WHO RIDES THE WOLF

Oyade-ge-a is pawnee for one who rode. Oyade-ge-a is an short innocent

Pawnee girl who becomes immortal and rides Sirius the Wolf constellation in the

sky. She has brown braided hair and a deerskin dress decorated with many

beads. Her tanned skin contrasts with her blue eyes. She speaks softly as she

tells the many history and Wolf stories of the Pawnee Indians during the 1800’s

before they moved to Oklahoma.

OYADE-GE-A, PAWNEE GIRL (10)

In 1824 the Pawnee nation had ten thousand

Indians. Over the next few decades the pale

face came and brought with the diseases the

Pawnee had no resistance to such as small

pox

OYADA-GE-A, PAWNEE GIRL (SHE WHO RODE

THE WOLF)

I am oyada-ge-a, the pawnee girl who rides

Sirius the Wolf in the stars in the sky. Sirius

and I travel over time and day, always watching

the Pawnee, Wolf worshippers. I see the pale

face coming to steal the land of the Pawnee.

Their many wooden wagons come in search of

land the golden rock they cherish so much. The

Pawnee were farmers and hunters, not

warriors. They did not seek a war with the pale

face. Rather they sought peace and joined the

pale face army as scouts.

SIRIUS THE WOLF STAR

Hang on oyada-ge-a as we stream across the

sky watching our Pawnee brothers and sisters

below. The Skidi Pawnee know the stars well,

for they have studied them for many winters.

2.

OYADA-GE-A, PAWNEE GIRL (SHE WHO RODE

A WOLF)

We Pawnee are known as chatiks si chatiks,

“Men of Men.” We are a proud nation. Look

down below on the Loup River there is a large

village of several thousand Pawnee hunting for

Buffalo.

SIRIUS THE WOLF STAR

When a Pawnee brother or sister is in trouble

we come to their rescue. Last hunting season

we saved a Pawnee warrior named Blue Crow,

who fell off his horse during a buffalo hunt. We

spoke to the lead buffalo, and convinced him to

turn to the left to allow the Pawnee to live as

they were stampeding across the plain.

SIRIUS THE WOLF STAR (CONT’D)

Oh great and boundless one, leader of the

Buffalo, turn left now and spare the life of the

Pawnee that fell off his horse.

LEAD BUFFALO

As you wish Wolf Star. Let us turn to the left my

brothers.

BLUE CROW, PAWNEE BRAVE

I am going to be crushed by the Buffalo. Sirius

save me. Oh, my spirit the Buffalo are turning.

Sirius has come to my rescue.

FADE OUT.

ACT 2 THE TWO WOLVES STORY

One night in a Pawnee village camped on a river there was a full moon and the

wolves in the forest all were howling. In the Pawnee village a young pawnee sat

his grandfather Bright Knife’s tepee.

INT. NIGHTOne

day in 1824 Montana.

Chief Bright Knife was a short, muscular and dark skinned Pawnee who had

fought many moons against the Sioux and Black Foot Indians. Little Elk was a

ten year old Pawnee boy.

3.

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

Grandson little Elk, come and sit by me in my

tepee and get warm by the fire.

LITTLE ELK, PANEE BOY (7)

Do you hear the wolves howling Grandfather.

Why do they howl at the full moon? Would you

tell me another story about Wolves

Grandfather?

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

A fight is going on inside me Little Elk. It is a

terrible fight and it is between two wolves. One

is evil and he is anger, envy, sorry, regret,

greed, self-pity and many other bad things. The

other wolf is good and he represents peace,

joy, hope, love, humility, kindness, empathy,

truth, faith and many more good qualities. The

same fight is going on inside you Little Elk.

Others have the same fight going on inside

them.

LITTLE ELK, PANEE BOY

What wolf will win Grandfather?

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

The one you feed my son.

FADE TO BLACK.

ACT 3 ATIUS TIRAWA, FATHER ABOVE

SCENE 1-EXT. DAYAtius

Tirawa, which means “Father Above” in the Pawnee language (often

translated, inaccurately, as “Great Spirit”) was the creator god. Other terms used,

and perhaps most used, are Tirawahat or Tirawahut. One day Chief Bright Knife

explained to Little Elk about the Pawnee gods and stars in the sky.

FADE IN:

4.

LITTLE ELK, PANEE BOY

Grandfather Bright Knife, tell me about the

Gods and the stars in the sky.

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

Gladly grandson. Bring a log over here to warm

the tepee on the fire. Let me tell you of all the

great spirits, Gods, and powers in the heavens

above. First that is Atius Tirawa. I will pretend

to be each of the Gods beginning with Atius

Tirawa.

LITTLE ELK, PANEE BOY

That sounds exciting Grandfather.

ATIUS TIRAWA, PAWNEE FATHER ABOVE

I will show you how to tame the flame for

cooking. I will give you corn, melon, and other

foods to grow. You are free to tattoo your body

and have a speech and clothing. I give you

also tobacco and sacred bundles and

sacrifices to the other God. My wife ATIRA,

Goddess of the Earth and Corn will help you

keep the Earth fertile. I give you also the male

morning Star in the east dressed as a warrior.

Next will come the female Evening Star in the

West. Each nigh and night Morning star will

have to fight with a number of forces in the

Western sky with his fireball.

NORTH STAR, SON OF SOUTH STAR

I am North Star, son of South Star and I will

watch over my people the Pawnee and keep

my position in the sky to guide travelers.

SOUTH STAR, FATHER OF NORTH STAR

I rule in the land of the dead. I rise every day

to see if my son North Star remains in his fixed

position. I require no prayers or ceremonies

from the Pawnee.

THUNDER GOD

We are the great four powers of the West.

Listen Pawnee to my noise in the sky.

(MORE)

5.

LIGHTENING GOD

We four powers obey the Evening star by

means of our constant song with Earth.

CLOUD GOD

I float above the Earth and obey the Evening

star. Beware when my clouds are black for a

storm is on the way.

WIND GOD

My might power belongs to the Evening Star.

Do not underestimate my power. The first girl,

the child of Evening and Morning Star rests

with me and the other three great Gods.

SHAKURU, DIETY OF SOLAR

I am Shakuru deity of the Pawnee sky.

PAH, DIETY OF THE LUNA MOON

I am Pah, diety of the Luna Moon in the

Pawnee sky. Together we are two minor deities

for the pawnee. We Were the last of the Gods

to be placed in the heavens.

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

Meteorites brought good fortune to the finders.

They were seen as the children of Tirawahut

sent down to Earth.

While the Skidi Pawnee relied a great deal on

the powers and the aid of stars and other

objects in cosmos, the South Bands came

through foremost by the assistance and advice

of a number of animals. Yet, the gods in

heaven existed, and the animals acted as gobetweens

when they instructed and guided the

South Bands.

LITTLE ELK, PANEE BOY

What of the Beaver Grandfather. Why is he

important?

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

The White Beaver ceremony of the Chawi

served nearly the same purpose as the

renewing or restarting Spring Awakening

ceremony (Thunder ceremony) of the Skidi.

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE (CONT’D)

(MORE)

6.

However hibernating animals were revitalized

through this rite rather than the renewal of corn

crops.

Tirawa conferred miraculous powers on certain

animals. These spirit animals, the nahurac,

would act as Tirawa’s messengers and

servants, and could intercede with him on

behalf of the Pawnee. The nahurac had five

dwellings or lodges.

• The foremost among them was Pahuk,

usually translated “hill island”, a bluff on the

south side of the Platte River, near the town of

Cedar Bluffs where the pale face lived.

• Lalawakohtito, or “dark island”, was an island

in the Platte .

• Ahkawitakol, or “white bank”, was on the

Loup River opposite the mouth of the Cedar

River .

• Kitzawitzuk, translated “water on a bank”,

also known to the Pawnee as Pahowa, was a

spring on the Solomon River.

• The fifth lodge of the nahurac was known to

the Pawnee as Pahur (/pa’hur/, translated as

“hill that points the way” or “guide rock. Pass

me that gourd of water grandson for I am

thirsting .

Regular ceremonies were performed before

major events, such as semi-annual buffalo

hunts. Kawaha, an often-besought god of good

luck, was closely connected to buffalo hunts.

The most important ceremony of the Pawnee

culture, the Spring Awakening ceremony, was

meant to awaken the earth and ready it for

planting. It can be tied to celestial observation,

held at the time when the priest first tracked

“two small twinkling stars known as the

Swimming Ducks in the northeastern horizon

near the Milky Way.” and then heard a rolling

thunder from the West.[1]:14 and 53 (See

above for the role of Thunder in the Creation

myth).[13]

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE (CONT’D)

7.

The Morning Star ceremony was a ritual

human sacrifice of a young girl, performed only

by a single village of the Skidi band of the

Pawnee. It was connected to the Pawnee

creation narrative, in which the mating of the

male Morning Star with the female Evening

Star created the first human being, a girl.

This is the story of Man Chief who tried to rescue a Comanche girl from the

Morning Star ceremony.

FADE IN:

MAN CHIEF, SKIDI PAWNEE

We captured some Comanches to use as

slaves, however the Priests want to sacrifice

one young Comanche girl for the Morning Star

Ceremony.

JOHN DOUGHERTY, INDIAN AGENT (32)

Man Chief I respect your traditions but the

Morning Star human sacrifice goes against the

laws of the pale faces. We have to stop this

sacrifice or some of the pale faces will come

and kill Pawnee braves as retaliation.

MAN CHIEF, PAWNEE

I have spoken to the Skidi Pawnee priests and

they will not listen. They say she must be

sacrificed to ensure a good spring planting.

The priests say the time is right when Mars is

the morning Star.

JOHN DOUGHERTY, INDIAN AGENT

We must stop this ceremony. Where is the girl

tied to a scaffold?

MAN CHIEF, PAWNEE

I know where the ceremony is to be held. We

will need many Pawnee scouts or pale faces

with thunder sticks to stop this ceremony. The

ceremony is by thunder rock by the Loop River.

We can get there in a day of riding.

Meanwhile at the ceremonial site near the

Loop river at Thunder Rock.

Back at Loop river at the ceremonial site.

8.

MORNING STAR SERVANT PRIEST

Tie the girl up to the scaffold between the two

trees. Treat her with respect at all times. She

must be cleansed. She will be sacrificed when

the Morning Star rises in the East.

SECOND PRIEST

I have selected two braves who will bring the

flaming branches to the armpits and groin of

the sacrifice. Four other braves will than touch

the sacrifice with their war clubs.

GREY BEAVER

Since I captured the Comanche girl it will be

my honor to shoot the sacred arrow from the

Skull bundle through her heart.

SECOND PRIEST

I will cut open the sacrifices chest and let the

blood drip onto buffalo eat. Following me all the

braves in the ceremony will shoot arrows into

the body.Come Morning we will take the body

out onto the plains and leave it facedown to

feed the Earth.

Just then Man Chief and the Indian agent appeared. The priests were started

and ran.

JOHN DOUGHERTY, INDIAN AGENT

Stop what you are doing. Take this woman

down from the scaffold. We cannot allow you to

kill a young woman.

MAN CHIEF, PAWNEE

I will cut her down. Get on my pony woman.

We must hurray before the braves return with

guns and bows

JOHN DOUGHERTY, INDIAN AGENT

Let’s ride. We have the girl and she is still alive

When the Priests returned with dozens of Pawnee braves they got on their

ponies and chased after Man Chief and John Dougherty along with their posse.

9.

MORNING STAR SERVANT PRIEST

Quick ride after them and bring the woman

back or we will have a bad year in our planting

FADE TO BLACK.

FADE IN:

This is a Lakota indian story called Mitakuye Oyasin Lakota, meaning We Are All

Related. As a girl I heard this story many times.

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

Come back tomorrow Grandson and I will tell

you of the story of the Black Wolf.

The next day

FADE TO BLACK.

LITTLE ELK, PANEE BOY

Grandfather are you in your tepee?

CHIEF BRIGHT KNIFE, PAWNEE

Yes, come in grandson. I made some birch tea

for us to drink. Come sit down by me. Where

are we? Oh, yet the story of the black wolf.

Many moons ago a young Pawnee girl walked

into the woods to play. It was a warm and

sunny day with a gentle breeze in the air. As

she explored her secret world, she heard the

faint sound of a beating drum. The rhythmic

beat was relaxing and so she sat against a

willow tree and drifted off to sleep.

As the young girl slept, she dreamt of her

secret woods and again heard the faint beating

of a drum. She was drawn to the sound and

walked toward it. A hawk flew above, guiding

the way.

RED TAILED HAWK

Follow me little one.

BLACK WOLF

Why are you not afraid of me human?

(MORE)

10.

PAWNEE GIRL

I am not afraid of you.

In the distance a Pawnee saw the wolf and the girl in a clearing

DANCING CROW, PAWNEE BRAVE

What is that foolish girl doing? The wolf will kill

her in a second.

A DRUM BEAT SOMEWHERE IN THE WIND AS THE GIRL APPROACHED THE

WOLF.

PAWNEE GIRL

I stand before you great wolf.

WOLF

You are brave little one. I lower my head in

respect to you.

PAWNEE GIRL

Can I kneel down oh great one? Can I look into

your golden eyes great one?

WOLF

Can you hear me little one? I speak to you in

the language of the wolves. Come nuzzle in my

legs little one.

Meanwhile the Pawnee brave observed everything from afar.

The young girl awoke from her dream and stood in the woods. She turned,

expecting to see the wolf but she was alone….

PAWNEE GIRL

Where am I? I must have fallen asleep. Where

is the wolf I spoke to? The was a weird dream

Years passed and the young girl grew up. She forgot about the wolf and Indian in

her dream.

PAWNEE GIRL (CONT’D)

Then one day the now woman came to a dark

place in her life. Feeling lost and alone, she fell

asleep crying and drifted off into a dream. And

in that dream the woman was given a vision. In

the distance, she heard the beating of the

drum. The black wolf came to her again. His

golden eyes illuminated and pierced the

darkness.

PAWNEE GIRL (CONT’D)

11.

Again in the distance the Indian stood silent.

In her sleep, the woman flashed back to her

childhood and remembered that day in the

woods. She knew that although she wandered,

she was not alone – she was not lost. Through

his eyes, the black wolf told her that he walked

within her.

She awoke and again looked for the black wolf

but this time she remembered… She looked

within herself and found him….And she

breathed in a new breath.

That woman now understands who she is. She

is one with the black wolf and the Indian…And

they are a part of her soul.

If you do not walk with the animals, you will not

know them –

And what you do not know, you will fear –

And what you fear, you will destroy.

I walk with the Black Wolf. Now I am Oyade-Ge-

A, one who rides the Black Wolf in the Sky.

FADE TO BLACK.

EXT. DAY

The Massacre Canyon battle took place in Nebraska on August 5, 1873 near the

Republican River. It was one of the last hostilities between the Pawnee and the

Sioux(or Lakota) and the last battle/massacre between Great Plains Indians in

North America.

FADE IN:

TWO STRIKE OGLALA/BRULE’ SIOUX CHIEF

Assemble the Braves, we are ready for the

Buffalo hunt.

LITTE WOUND OGLALA/BRULE’ SIOUX CHIEF

The pale face agent John Williamson has given

us permission to hunt along the great river

SPOTTED TAIL OGLALA/BRULE’ SIOUX CHIEF

Hurray or we will miss the Buffalo. We have

over 1500 braves ready to kill many buffalo

Chief Two Strike

The massacre occurred when a large Oglala/Brulé Sioux war party of over 1,500

warriors led by Two Strike, Little Wound, and Spotted Tail attacked a band of

12.

Across the river a few miles away were the Pawnee with a band of 100 braves

and chiefs Pawnee: Sky Chief, Sun Chief, Fighting Bear, Ruling His Son.

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

It is a good day to kill buffalo. Our scouts report

the herd is headed this way.

SUN CHIEF, PAWNEE

We can split our forces further down the river if

we run into the Buffalo herd.

FIGHTING BEAR, PAWNEE

I will sent six of my braves ahead to spot the

Buffalo in advance of our braves

Pawnee during their summer buffalo hunt. In the ensuing rout more than 75–100

Pawnees were killed, men with mostly women and children, the victims suffering

mutilation and some set on fire.

The Quaker Indian agent John W. Williamson stated that 156 Pawnee were

killed.

SPOTTED TAIL OGLALA/BRULE’ SIOUX CHIEF

There are only 80 to a 100 Pawnee in the

canyon below us. Attack.

CHIEF CHARGING BEAR, SIOIX CHIEF

I just killed three Pawnee braves. Now I need

to kill those woman. They are easy targets.

TWO STRIKE OGLALA/BRULE’ SIOUX CHIEF

We have the trapped in the canyon. Ride

around both cliffs overlooking the canyon and

shoot your arrows and guns down into the

canyon. They are easy kill. Time to avenge our

fathers.

SKY CHIEF (TIRAWAHUT LESHARO)

This skilling of my buffalo kill is taking forever.

Who are those riders on the hill? Oh, no it is

Sioux warriors. Woman run and hide with the

children in the canyon. I will try and hold off the

Sioux if they attack.

13.

LITTLE DOG, SIOUX WARRIOR

Look there, a Pawnee chief has killed a buffalo

and is skinning it. Let us kill him and take his

buffalo. Ah eeee, (war cry)

Elsewhere in the canyon Traveling Bear is being chased by Sioux warriors.

TRAVELING BEAR, PAWNEE

Spirits above help me to escape. Ohh an arrow

in my arm. I must ride fast and warn the others.

LITTLE DOG, SIOUX WARRIOR

Three feather hit that Pawnee with your war

club. We have him trapped in the narrow

canyon. Ride fast brother. Shoot the woman

and children hiding in the bushes.

JOHN WILLIAMSON, INDIAN AGENT (23)

I will be accompanying the Pawnee on their

buffalo hunt today. It is the 4th day of August

and the sun was beating down as we

approached the north bank of the Republican

river to make camp.

9:00 pm that evening.

HARRY DUGGAN, TRADER

Is the Indian Agent John Williamson in camp?

We have bad news. We just saw a Sioux camp

about 25 miles northwest of the Republican

river. It appears the Sioux have been waiting

for a few days for the Pawnee to move up the

river to follow the buffalo.

JOHN WILLIAMSON, INDIAN AGENT

What is all the noise about? Hey Harry, how is

trading?

HARRY DUGGAN, TRADER

John you are in trouble. We spotted a large

band of about 1,000 Sioux camped about 25

miles northwest of your campsite. They have

been shadowing you for days waiting for an

opportunity to attack.

14.

JOHN WILLIAMSON, INDIAN AGENT

I find that hard to believe. Let me take you to

Sky Chief who is in command. Sky Chief it is

Mr. Williamson, may I enter your tepee?

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

Come in Agent Williamson. What is it?

JOHN WILLIAMSON, INDIAN AGENT

Chief these three white men just rode into

camp to tell us that there are 1,000 Sioux

camps less than 25 miles northwest of our

camp.

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

You are liars white man. You are just trying to

scare the Pawnees away from our hunting

grounds. You are a squaw and a coward Agent

Williamson.

JOHN WILLIAMSON, INDIAN AGENT

You insult me Sky Chief. I believe the white

men. They are old friends of mine, and would

not lie to me. I will not go as far as you dare to

go. Don’t forget that when you see 1,000 Sioux

chasing you down.

FADE OUT.

EXT. DAYAugust

5th.

That morning the Pawnee broke camp and started north up the divide between

the Republican and Frenchman rivers.

FADE IN:

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

Shake brother. I am sorry for speaking harshly

last night. There is no reason to be on guard. I

did not send any scouts forward.

A Pawnee scout comes riding swiftly back to the long line of Pawnee braves,

shouting.

15.

RUNNING WOLF, PAWNEE

Buffalo, buffalo in the distance, come let us ride

quickly.

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

You see Agent Williamson, we have found the

buffalo and no Sioux are in sight. Come lets us

ride after the buffalo.

JOHN WILLIAMSON, INDIAN AGENT

I guess I was wrong Sky Chief. I hope you kill

many Buffalo today.

PAWNEE SCOUT

Come quickly and follow me up along the river.

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

They are close brothers. Leave the pack

horses behind with the old women. We will

return for them after the Buffalo kill.

SCAR NOSE, PAWNEE BRAVE

We can get there faster by going up the

canyon.

On the hills out of sight from deep in the canyon a band of Lakota Sioux were

hiding behind bushes waiting for the Pawnee braves to follow the narrow canyon

to where it rises to meet the open plains.

The morning of August 5 the Pawnees went up a canyon. Men looking for game

took the lead and the families followed with loaded down packhorses. Soon after

the battle was on.

La-Roo-Chuck-A-La-Shar (Sun Chief) was a Pawnee chief who died fighting the

Lakota at Massacre Canyon.

The Pawnees say that Sky Chief lived during the first part of the battle. He fought

for his tribe, shouting words of encouragement to it. “Today I may see the tribe

you protect here. This is the end. It is supposed to be better old men not to

become. Now, men, a man be.”[27] He killed his own little son with his knife,

telling the Sioux that they would not get his child.[28]

SUN CHIEF, PAWNEE (LA-ROO-CHURCK-A-LASHAR)

(45)

It is Sioux arrows I see. Woman take the

children and run. THe other braves and I will try

to slow the Sioux down. There are too many of

them compared to our small group.

16.

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

Ride on brothers. I will try to slow down the

Sioux

DOG CHIEF, PAWNEE

I am coming Big Brother to save you from the

Sioux.

SKY CHIEF, PAWNEE

Do not risk your life brother Dog Chief. Go run

for your life. The Sioux outnumber us greatly. I

will fight to my last breath. Now go before it is

too late.Take My Bear claw necklace and try to

escape. I want you to have it and I do not want

the Sioux to take possession of it.

DOG CHIEF, PAWNEE

Thank you brother. We will meet in the happy

hunting ground soon.

Meanwhile at the top of the canyon.

CHIEF LUTHER STANDING BEAR, LAKOTA

SIOUX CHIEF

We have them trapped between both sides of

the canyon. Shoot all your arrows down on

them.

CAPTAIN CHARLES MEINHOLD, FORT

MCPHERSON

Where are all these Pawnee Indians coming

from? They look like they were attacked by

Sioux warriors while hunting for Buffalo

WILLIAMSON INDIAN AGENT

We were surrounded by Lakota Sioux in a

canyon near here. They outnumber us by ten

to one or more. I was so surprised to see them.

We had a warning by some trappers but Sky

Chief would not believe that there were Lakota

Sioux within 25 miles of the Pawnee camp.

PLATT INDIAN AGENT

We managed to escape out the other end of

the canyon before the Sioux could surround us.

East of Culbertson camped Capt. Charles Meinhold with his small command from

(MORE)

17.

Fort McPherson, by twist of fate. All through the morning Pawnee survivors found

the camp as well as Williamson and Platt, who had made his escape early during

the fight. The Pawnees got instructions to proceed further east.[33]

PLATT INDIAN AGENT (CONT’D)

Look over there in the canyon. There is the

body of a dead Pawnee woman.

PRIVATE KEN JAMES

Captain there are a whole mess of Pawnees

dead inside the ravine.

CAPTAIN CHARLES MEINHOLD

Look for any survivors Private James.

PRIVATE KEN JAMES

Yes, Sir.

About an hour later.

PRIVATE KEN JAMES (CONT’D)

Captain we counted fifty-nine dead bodies.

That count includes women and men. For

some reason many of the woman were

stripped naked Sir.

Meanwhile, twenty miles away at the Lakota Sioux camp Luther Standing Bear a

ten year old boy watched the Lakota warriors return to the camp after the

Massacre Canyon battle.

CHIEF CLOUD SHIELD, LAKOTA SIOUX

I have the scalp of the great Pawnee Chief Sky

Chief. Ya ho, hee (Swinging the scalp around

in the air). We killed three hundred Pawnee

today.

SCENE…Ext. Day-Massacre Canyon, August 6, 1873.

People from nearby camps and towns visited the battle scene over the next few

days.

ROYAL BUCK, REPORTER FOR THE

NEBRASKA CITY NEWS

(Posted in the Nebraska City News) It was a

massacre and nothing more, and near 100

Pawnee victims were lying on the ground and

full two thirds were Squaws, and papooses.

ROYAL BUCK, REPORTER FOR THE NEBRASKA

18.

It was a slaughter the likes of I have never

seen before.

News of the defeat reached the remaining

Pawnees in the reservation on August 8

through a runner. “This produced intense

excitement in the village, sorrowful wailings

were heard all day”.[43]

INT. DAY-AUG.

1874-Dr. Bancroft’s office, Silver creek.

The Pawnee survivors made the 80 miles or so to Plum Creek near the Platte.

Here Dr. William M. Bancroft gave professional assistance to the wounded. By

train they arrived at Silver Creek, around ten miles south of the Pawnee Agency.

FADE IN:

RUNNING WOLF, PAWNEE

Keep riding my brothers. We have many days

to go to get to the Pale Face settlement at

Plum Creek.

LITTLE WEASLE, PAWNEE

I cannot go any further Running Wolf. I have an

arrow in my side.

SWEET WATER, PAWNEE SQUAW

I have seen a vision of our brothers in the

heavens guided by the Wolf Star.

FADE TO BLACK.

EXT.-DAYLast

week of August 1874.

Indian agent Williamson returns to Massacre canyon to cover up the dead bodies

of the Pawnee.

FADE IN:

19.

WILLIAMSON INDIAN AGENT

Captain Holden I am going back to the

Massacre Canyon to properly bury the dead

Pawnee women, children and braves.

CAPTAIN HOLDEN, US ARMY

I can send a small patrol to tend to the dead

bodies if you want Mr. Williamson.

WILLIAMSON INDIAN AGENT

That is fine Captain. I need to do this to relieve

my guilt in not preventing this tragedy. I am

leaving in a few minutes with a pack horse and

my horse. I expect I will be gone for several

days.

CAPTAIN HOLDEN, US ARMY

God speed Williamson.

Two days later Williamson arrives at Massacre Canyon. Buzzards weere flying

around in the air in droves and the stench of dead is in the air.

WILLIAMSON INDIAN AGENT

Oh my God the smell of the dead bodies is

overwhelming. There is so much rock that I will

have to use the dirt from the canyon banks to

cover the bodies. I need to remember to keep

an accurate count so that I can make a full and

accurate report to the Indian Bureau in

Washington, D.C. Let me see I count 20 dead

braves, 39 squaws and ten children. Many of

the bodies were already picked clean of their

flesh by the vultures. I am going to have

nightmares forever.

Hours later Williamson stopped in a pile of sweat to recover from covering all the

bodies. Sweat rolled down his face and he quietly cried to himself.

WILLIAMSON INDIAN AGENT (CONT’D)

Perhaps I could have prevented this by making

Sky Chief listen to the white Traders. They had

no reason to lie. I guess I will bury the indian

necklaces with the bodies, rather than bring

them back to the Fort.

Two days later Agent Williamson rode back into Fort.

20.

Far away to the north the Lakota Sioux Chief Cloud Shield remembers the winter

kill differently.

CLOUD-SHIELD, LAKOTA SIOUX CHIEF

I was a good kill that winter. The Pawnee have

always been our enemy and this was our

chance to even the score. In Lakota Sioux

history this battle will be recorded as a great

victory over 150 Pawnee braves who were

hunting Buffalo on our ancestral land.

FADE TO BLACK.

THE END.

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Educational Articles

The Basics of Developing a Good Powerpoint Presentation

by Dr. Pelham Mead

To do a good powerpoint presentation start with a template that has embedded motion. These templates are more attractive to students and will get their attention.

Next find some free .wav files you can insert to give sound to a slide.

Find all the clip art and Vector art you can that is free on the subject. In the Washington powerpoint slide show I worked on I loaded real and cartoon clip art of General George Washington to appeal to the humorous side of students interest.

Always apply transitions of slides at the end of the project and don’t over do them.

Animation needs to be kept simple and use clip art with white backgrounds on a white background, not a colored background for realism.

Edit and reveal the show several times looking for errors.

Limit the amount of text on a screen.

Use current hip hop music or other music the students identify with.

Keep it short.

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Lesson Plan in Spanish

Plantilla de plan de lecciones en línea

ASUNTOPROFESORGRADOFECHA
Lección 3Nombre del profesor112020

VISIÓN GENERAL

Nos encanta el aspecto de este plan de lecciones profesional tal como es. Pero también creemos que debería tener opciones. Para personalizar fácilmente esta plantilla y hacerla suya, en la pestaña Diseño, echa un vistazo a una amplia gama de opciones en las galerías Temas, Colores y Fuentes. O bien, para usar los colores de la escuela, toca Colores y, a continuación, selecciona Personalizar colores. Para reemplazar cualquier texto de marcador de posición, como este, simplemente tóquelo y escriba.

FASESGUÍA DEL PROFESORGUÍA DEL ESTUDIANTE
OBJETIVOS1-Aprende la vida de Hamilton.1-Ver la obra de Broadway llamada, “Hamilton.”
INFORMACIÓNEn la clase Discusión. ¿Quién es Alexander Hamilton y cuál fue su contribución a las 13 colonias?¿Cuáles son los nombres de las canciones de Hamilton? ¿Quién canta las canciones? Haga una lista y envíela cuando haya terminado. Discutir.
VERIFICACIÓNFederalismo vs Derechos de los Estados.Hamilton apoyó el control federal de las colonias y estableció ¿qué parte del gobierno?El federalismo y los derechos de los Estados existen hoy en día con el presidente Trump. ¿Cuáles son los cinco asuntos de derechos de los Estados que el presidente Trump había tratado de anular?Racismo y Hamilton. ¿En qué país nació Alexander Hamilton? ¿Cómo obtuvo una educación?¿Cómo se sintió Hamilton hacia la esclavitud?¿Dónde vivía Hamilton?¿Su casa aún existe? ¿Dónde se encuentra la casa si existe? 
PROYECTO DE AVANCE RÁPIDO¿Qué Presidente fue responsable de ayudar a aprobar la Ley de Educación Primaria y Secundaria en la década de 1960?¿Qué prevé la Ley de Educación Primaria y Secundaria?Discusión.¿Aprobaría Alexander Hamilton el acto de Primaria y Secundaria? ¿Es actuar como una forma de federalismo o no?
RESUMENDiscusión.¿Quién escribió la obra, Hamilton?¿Qué tipo de estilo de canción se utiliza en la obra?¿Quién disparó y mató a Hamilton?¿El asesino fue juzgado alguna vez por su crimen?¿Quién era la hija del asesino?Hamilton Puzzle tg  resolver.Un proyecto de una semana para una sola persona.Encuentra una aplicación de crucigrama gratis en Internet y crear un rompecabezas de 20 palabras  cruzadas usando 20 nombres o términos de la biografía de Hamilton o jugar.Cree una hoja de respuestas y envíe ambas a la maestra en una semana.Sin pegar, cortar ni copiar.
REQUISITOSRECURSOSNOTAS
Requisito 1Requisito 2Requisito 3Recurso 1Recurso 2Recurso 3Añade tus notas aquí.
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Online Teacher lesson Plan

Courset: ___________Section_______

Dates: _________________________

Unit : ______________________________________

Summary of Unit

Online Games or special activity:

:

Objectives:

Resources: Books, Internet articles, Youtube, Other

Lesson 1 Title: ____________________________________Time ______________________

Lesson 2 Title: ____________________________________Time ______________________

Lesson 3 Title: ____________________________________Time ______________________

Lesson 4 Title: ____________________________________Time ______________________

Lesson 5 Title: ____________________________________Time ______________________

Assignment and Activities:

Assessment: ___Total participation; ___ Good demonstration and response; ___Average response, students interested. ___In effective presentation and response, do not repeat.

Which Student stood out with their preparation and verbal responses?

Students:

One Minute Test:

Five Minute Test

Powerpoint Quiz

One Week Project assignment.

Monthly Team Project

Notes: